New York's Tech Entrepreneur Network http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com Protect yourself with solid knowledge. Sat, 09 Dec 2017 01:31:47 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.1 Call MyPCBackup Before You Really Need Them! http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/call-mypcbackup-before-you-really-need-them/ http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/call-mypcbackup-before-you-really-need-them/#respond Thu, 10 Dec 2015 16:23:01 +0000 http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/?p=118 MyPCBackupDisaster strikes, you see it happening in slow motion, your toddler decides he wants to share his sippy cup contents with you and bang! Apple juice is spilled all over your computer. You mouth the words…”Noooooooooo”, but it’s too late. Suddenly, your computer starts making a clicking sound, and in a panic, you attempt to shut it off as smoke begins to billow from your CPU.

As funny as this sounds, it is a reality to many people. And it can happen to anyone. Computer crashes are indiscriminate, hitting anyone and everyone. Do you have a computer back up service? If not, now is the time to get one. One of the best and easiest available to you today is mypcbackup. You can find them at http://www.mypcbackup.com.

Mypcbackup is an online computer backup service with a myriad of features and benefits. You simply sign up, download the software (which automatically detects …

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MyPCBackupDisaster strikes, you see it happening in slow motion, your toddler decides he wants to share his sippy cup contents with you and bang! Apple juice is spilled all over your computer. You mouth the words…”Noooooooooo”, but it’s too late. Suddenly, your computer starts making a clicking sound, and in a panic, you attempt to shut it off as smoke begins to billow from your CPU.

As funny as this sounds, it is a reality to many people. And it can happen to anyone. Computer crashes are indiscriminate, hitting anyone and everyone. Do you have a computer back up service? If not, now is the time to get one. One of the best and easiest available to you today is mypcbackup. You can find them at http://www.mypcbackup.com.

Mypcbackup is an online computer backup service with a myriad of features and benefits. You simply sign up, download the software (which automatically detects …

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IT Problems Hit Even The “Experts” http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/it-problems-hit-even-the-experts/ http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/it-problems-hit-even-the-experts/#respond Mon, 05 Oct 2015 19:28:59 +0000 http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/?p=6

bbI get around a fair bit, working for a wide range of clients throughout North America and Europe. In my travels I’ve noticed that business and IT professionals seem to be suffering from a common collection of problems, some of which can only be solved by collective activism and others through cultural change. I don’t expect people will rally to these causes, but I hope my observations will give you something to think about, and maybe even reveal opportunities for your organization to enhance its productivity.

I attend far more meetings than I would like–a complaint shared by many I suppose–and have noticed some disturbing behavior from fellow attendees during the last year or so. The problem is with the misuse of electronic devices such as BlackBerries and laptops.

In a desire to keep in touch while attending a meeting, many people are bringing their BlackBerries in with them and are sending

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bbI get around a fair bit, working for a wide range of clients throughout North America and Europe. In my travels I’ve noticed that business and IT professionals seem to be suffering from a common collection of problems, some of which can only be solved by collective activism and others through cultural change. I don’t expect people will rally to these causes, but I hope my observations will give you something to think about, and maybe even reveal opportunities for your organization to enhance its productivity.

I attend far more meetings than I would like–a complaint shared by many I suppose–and have noticed some disturbing behavior from fellow attendees during the last year or so. The problem is with the misuse of electronic devices such as BlackBerries and laptops.

In a desire to keep in touch while attending a meeting, many people are bringing their BlackBerries in with them and are sending

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Importance of An External Hard Drive http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/importance-of-an-external-hard-drive/ http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/importance-of-an-external-hard-drive/#comments Wed, 30 Sep 2015 10:35:27 +0000 http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/?p=34 Have you ever considered what could possibly happen to your computer if there Were no external hard drives? It would probably explode from data overload! That is an exaggeration, but it clearly The IOSAFE hard drive is almost failure proof.illustrates external hard drives are vital. Most vital for data storage, external hard drive total capacity is now higher than the ordinary computer’s data capacity. You can store more than a hundred movies in an external hard drive. Do that to your computer and it will surely slow down. A great back-up tool, external hard drives can save what is in your mainframe computer’s data. Regular internet access also exposes your computer to viruses, so having an external hard drive is important. However, this data storage tool, when not used properly (and even when properly used), can also breakdown. Because of its huge data storage, you cannot just throw it outside the window.

You expend your energy trying to rescue …

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Have you ever considered what could possibly happen to your computer if there Were no external hard drives? It would probably explode from data overload! That is an exaggeration, but it clearly The IOSAFE hard drive is almost failure proof.illustrates external hard drives are vital. Most vital for data storage, external hard drive total capacity is now higher than the ordinary computer’s data capacity. You can store more than a hundred movies in an external hard drive. Do that to your computer and it will surely slow down. A great back-up tool, external hard drives can save what is in your mainframe computer’s data. Regular internet access also exposes your computer to viruses, so having an external hard drive is important. However, this data storage tool, when not used properly (and even when properly used), can also breakdown. Because of its huge data storage, you cannot just throw it outside the window.

You expend your energy trying to rescue your files. One way to do that is through external hard drive recovery – an application that can be installed in your external hard drive to salvage your files. We are fortunate to have such advanced services that can assist us in case our back-up external hard drives fail. There are many wonderful software that offer external hard drive recovery to select from, so when you encounter any external hard drive problems, check out the best applications and pick the one most suitable to your need.

Would you like to recover your lost data from your external hard drive without spending anything? In this time of advanced technology, it is possible. The internet offers freeware that can assist in your external hard drive recovery by just downloading the software. A good example is The Data Recovery Wizard Free Edition. Reviews about this software indicate that it can solve all data loss issues. So if you lost your data because you accidentally deleted a file and then later on realized the enormity of what you have done, this application can help you out. It also works for data that were lost due to software crash, virus attack, and formatted or damaged hard drive. This external hard drive recovery freeware comes with clear and simple instructions for usage, so users will be guided step by step. Even choices are explained, so you have to read carefully before selecting an option.

Be sure did take a look around for it on the Internet, and you will probably find that it is very good tool for recovering hard drives.

 

 

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Mainframes By Catalog? Yes. It Happened http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/mainframes-by-catalog-yes-it-happened/ http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/mainframes-by-catalog-yes-it-happened/#respond Sun, 27 Sep 2015 08:38:13 +0000 http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/?p=70 IBM finally has one up on Gateway 2000. Starting this month, corporate buyers can page through IBM’s new direct mail catalog and pick out the mainframe computer of their dreams. No, they can’t buy a $1 million item over the phone. Not yet, anyway. But this shows IBM’s often-maligned mainframe division has abandoned its traditional plain-vanilla marketing approach for an in-your-face style aimed at transforming its dinosaur image.

Using a mainframe meant compulsory hiring of horned-rimmed glasses-wearing studs.

Using a mainframe meant compulsory hiring of horned-rimmed glasses-wearing studs.

And here’s the surprise: It’s working–at least to some extent. “Two years ago, it was politically incorrect for an IS guy to recommend buying mainframes to his boss,” says Ieee analyst Steve Josselyn, who just participated in this conference. “Now it doesn’t have the same smell to it.”

In fact, the scent is getting downright sweet. IBM’s numbers show a 60 percent increase in mainframe MIPS sold last year, allowing its System 390 …

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IBM finally has one up on Gateway 2000. Starting this month, corporate buyers can page through IBM’s new direct mail catalog and pick out the mainframe computer of their dreams. No, they can’t buy a $1 million item over the phone. Not yet, anyway. But this shows IBM’s often-maligned mainframe division has abandoned its traditional plain-vanilla marketing approach for an in-your-face style aimed at transforming its dinosaur image.

Using a mainframe meant compulsory hiring of horned-rimmed glasses-wearing studs.

Using a mainframe meant compulsory hiring of horned-rimmed glasses-wearing studs.

And here’s the surprise: It’s working–at least to some extent. “Two years ago, it was politically incorrect for an IS guy to recommend buying mainframes to his boss,” says Ieee analyst Steve Josselyn, who just participated in this conference. “Now it doesn’t have the same smell to it.”

In fact, the scent is getting downright sweet. IBM’s numbers show a 60 percent increase in mainframe MIPS sold last year, allowing its System 390 …

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Mobile Internet Access – Wow Is It Better Now. http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/mobile-internet-access-wow-is-it-better-now/ http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/mobile-internet-access-wow-is-it-better-now/#comments Sat, 12 Sep 2015 12:14:38 +0000 http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/?p=10

miaAnother example of fast mobile Internet access is the Nokia Communicator 9210 handheld computer, which doubles as a phone. When connected to the Orange network, the 9210 is able to provide Internet access up to 28.8kbps through a technique known as high-speed circuit switched data.

This effectively gives users two timeslots on the network, doubling the bandwidth on downloads from 14.4kbps to 28.8kbps for a cost of 25p per minute on the Orange network. Ray Haddon, President of the GSM Alliance, says that at this speed “it becomes feasible for users to download their e-mail”.

Another new phone from Nokia is the 7650, a GPRS-based phone equipped with a mini digital camera. While geared to the snap-happy consumer who can use the phone to take and send e-mail pictures directly, it can also be used in certain business areas. One example Haddon suggests is insurance damage assessment. “An insurance assessor could

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miaAnother example of fast mobile Internet access is the Nokia Communicator 9210 handheld computer, which doubles as a phone. When connected to the Orange network, the 9210 is able to provide Internet access up to 28.8kbps through a technique known as high-speed circuit switched data.

This effectively gives users two timeslots on the network, doubling the bandwidth on downloads from 14.4kbps to 28.8kbps for a cost of 25p per minute on the Orange network. Ray Haddon, President of the GSM Alliance, says that at this speed “it becomes feasible for users to download their e-mail”.

Another new phone from Nokia is the 7650, a GPRS-based phone equipped with a mini digital camera. While geared to the snap-happy consumer who can use the phone to take and send e-mail pictures directly, it can also be used in certain business areas. One example Haddon suggests is insurance damage assessment. “An insurance assessor could

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This Book Is King! http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/this-book-is-king/ http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/this-book-is-king/#comments Thu, 03 Sep 2015 19:42:08 +0000 http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/?p=11

I am absolutely loving this text right now, called: Buena Vista in the Club: Rap, Reggaetón, and Revolution in Havana (Refiguring American Music). It’s absolutely fantastic stuff overall. Can’t wait to get more of his stuff.

Geoffrey Baker, senior lecturer in the department of music at Royal Holloway University of London, takes a piercing look at the hip hop and reggaeton scenes in Havana (with a section on Haiti, of course), one which sets out to reach beyond the construction of the Cuban hip hop culture that results from its extensive documentation in journalistic accounts, film, musical recordings and academic literature. In this book, Baker, as an academic researcher who is an outsider to the cultural phenomenon is positioned ‘outside the main current of the production of knowledge about Cuban hip hop’ (p. 3), thereby offering a critical revision of the paradigms that have shaped the understandings of Cuban popular

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I am absolutely loving this text right now, called: Buena Vista in the Club: Rap, Reggaetón, and Revolution in Havana (Refiguring American Music). It’s absolutely fantastic stuff overall. Can’t wait to get more of his stuff.

Geoffrey Baker, senior lecturer in the department of music at Royal Holloway University of London, takes a piercing look at the hip hop and reggaeton scenes in Havana (with a section on Haiti, of course), one which sets out to reach beyond the construction of the Cuban hip hop culture that results from its extensive documentation in journalistic accounts, film, musical recordings and academic literature. In this book, Baker, as an academic researcher who is an outsider to the cultural phenomenon is positioned ‘outside the main current of the production of knowledge about Cuban hip hop’ (p. 3), thereby offering a critical revision of the paradigms that have shaped the understandings of Cuban popular

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RAID Hard Drive Failure Is A Pain http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/hard-drive-failure-is-a-pain/ http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/hard-drive-failure-is-a-pain/#respond Wed, 02 Sep 2015 15:17:48 +0000 http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/?p=23 You can back-up and design infrastructure for preventing data loss because of hard drive failures. In addition, you can also take some measures so that the rate of failure can be minimized. There are some tips that can help you with these issues.

Broken hard drives are insane!First, you should have ensured that your server has enough ventilation to prevent overheating. Make sure that you are protecting your system from power surges. Try to avoid running your RAID array too hard when it is excessively fragmented. Your drive set can fail if it works to hard, and too much. Excessive vibration can result in the drives crashing, and you’ll need professional RAID help.

Also, take steps to stop the vibration of your server rack if needed. Reliability of drives may vary according to models and manufacturers. As an example, a Western Digital hard drives may fail quicker than a Seagate drive does. A Mac laptop …

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You can back-up and design infrastructure for preventing data loss because of hard drive failures. In addition, you can also take some measures so that the rate of failure can be minimized. There are some tips that can help you with these issues.

Broken hard drives are insane!First, you should have ensured that your server has enough ventilation to prevent overheating. Make sure that you are protecting your system from power surges. Try to avoid running your RAID array too hard when it is excessively fragmented. Your drive set can fail if it works to hard, and too much. Excessive vibration can result in the drives crashing, and you’ll need professional RAID help.

Also, take steps to stop the vibration of your server rack if needed. Reliability of drives may vary according to models and manufacturers. As an example, a Western Digital hard drives may fail quicker than a Seagate drive does. A Mac laptop hard drive may be easier to recover than a Windows PC or a raid drive failure. So be careful depending on what sort of storage device you are running.

If you do not have a very tight back up, you should consider setting it up so that a transition can be done from one drive to another. New drives are particularly prone to failing in the first few months of usage because manufacturing defects that are not immediately noticeable can quickly manifest themselves once the drive is put to work. Therefore, it is better to avoid putting brand new drives into computers.

Finally, minimizing the occurrences of laptop hard drive failure must be considered because of cost, data loss and time consumption. Because laptop computers are mobile, they are particularly susceptible undue damage to the hard disk. It is good to watch for this.

It is sometimes impossible that you can prevent your hard drive crash but isim possible to know when it is going to fail. It is important so that you can back up data from disappearance.

Look at these signs:

When you hear clicking or crashing noises, it indicates that you do not have much time until your hard drive is going to fail.

Disappearing Data and Disk Errors: If you notice that you are missing your files and all of your programs stopped working, and you cannot save your documents, it gives the symptoms of problems with hard drives. Does your computer stop recognizing your drive? Well, when your computer is no longer able to identify your drive, you can think that your computer has troubles with hard drives.

If your computer crashes, while accessing files (such as at the time of the boot sequence), it indicates problems with your drive. When you computer is taking more time than requirements during accessing, opening, or saving files it provides the symptom of failure. If you are using an HP ProLiant RAID server and one of your disks happens to fail, it is important that you quickly follow the procedure for replacing the hard disk. Failure to do so can mean all of the data on the RAID array (provided it is at least a RAID 5, 6 or 10 configuration) will be lost. Locking up during the boot process indicates a single hard disk problem in the array if this happens frequently. RAID recovery help is available.

Hard drive failure may occur because of physical and logical reasons. Physical failures happen due to a failure of the electric motor or the drive itself. They can also take place because of a major head crash that is caused by your computer being dropped or jostled while it is running. Logical failures are result of corruption in the file system. If you by accident delete a vital registry entry or format the drive improperly, or if you get a virus, hard drive can suffer problems. The BIOS will identify the drive, but it will not boot. Some specific causes of hard drive breakage are vibration, heat, power surges, physical damage to computer and corrupted files etc.

Watch Your Disk Drive Heads

When a drive faces excessive vibration, the heads can be offset which can cause a crash. Overheating is a primary cause of breaking hard disks. A power surge caused by any factors can result in data loss while reading or writing. Finally, it may leads to computer crash. Physical force, for examples bumping, jarring, or dropping your computer can cause physical damage to the hard drive. Recovering from this is not often simple.

Files in your computer get corrupted for many reasons. If you close a program improperly, turn off your computer before you close files and don’t install new software that can cause files to become corrupted. Computer shut downs because of power failure also create corrupted files, which can damage the hard drive.

Moreover, you should consider that hard disks are mechanical devices and they can get worn out really easily. Keep that in mind the next time you have some hard drive problems.

This drive may crash at anytime.

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What Are The Main Causes Of Hard Drive Failure? http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/what-are-the-main-causes-of-hard-drive-failure/ http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/what-are-the-main-causes-of-hard-drive-failure/#respond Fri, 28 Aug 2015 12:13:41 +0000 http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/?p=68 When your computer experiences hard drive failure, it will immediately stop functioning normally and there are several reasons your hard drive encounters this problem. The worst part of encountering this problem is that you will no longer have access to your files or data. This is why it is advisable to have external storage so you can still retrieve your files in the event of failure. You have to be aware of the worst hard drive destroyers so you will have an idea how you can avoid them. Your computer can be more exposed to hard drive failure when there is inadequate cooling and ventilation.

If physical force is applied, this can also result in hard drive failure. Some of the examples of physical force are jarring, dropping and bumping your computer. This damage is known as a head crash and the damage should be taken seriously because it could mean replacing …

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When your computer experiences hard drive failure, it will immediately stop functioning normally and there are several reasons your hard drive encounters this problem. The worst part of encountering this problem is that you will no longer have access to your files or data. This is why it is advisable to have external storage so you can still retrieve your files in the event of failure. You have to be aware of the worst hard drive destroyers so you will have an idea how you can avoid them. Your computer can be more exposed to hard drive failure when there is inadequate cooling and ventilation.

If physical force is applied, this can also result in hard drive failure. Some of the examples of physical force are jarring, dropping and bumping your computer. This damage is known as a head crash and the damage should be taken seriously because it could mean replacing your hard drive. Water damage can also cause failure and this can be due to a liquid spill or flooding. If your computer encounters this problem, the hard drive is often beyond repair. You also need to run a virus scan because malware infection can cause serious damage to your computer. Make sure you avoid these destructive conditions to prolong your computer’s longevity.

Why To Find Cheap Data Recovery Service In Your Area

Getting information from a damaged hard drive is no easy task, so you would not make the mistake of hiring the wrong cheap data recovery service just for the sake of not researching their service thoroughly. So when you would like to contact one, you would like to make sure that you do not put the phrase “cheap data recovery services”, not including the quotes but rather you may want to search for “best data recovery service in” and then followed by your country or city. Doing this search would ensure that you get the best companies and then choosing the cheapest that would benefit you the most.

This way you could find a cheap data recovery service that would actually recover your data instead of just taking your money and not bring back the data as they are supposed to do. In the worst scenario, hiring one of those services without reading any reviews would actually result in not only losing the data, but even losing any hope to retrieve them again. This is why making your data the highest priority is what makes you willing to pay for these services even if they were a bit higher in cost as you don’t want to lose your work forever just to save some money.

You Have A Faulty RAID 5 Hard Drive; What Next?

Some people always think that repairing a faulty drive is easy. However, in the event that you have a faulty RAID 5 drive you are not going to be up to the task yourself. These drives have a different type of technology not the same as the disks we are used to using at home. To repair a RAID 5 drive array, start by using their official diagnostic tools like these. Most manufacturers will have their diagnostic software on their official websites. Check to see the drive manufacturer and look for their software. The diagnostic tools will show you the different types of sectors that have issues. Some sites will give you tips on how to recover RAID servers after the analysis is complete.

After the analysis is complete, it is possible for someone to know whether it is possible for him or her to repair the drive. For those who cannot, call in an expert to help repair RAID 5 drive. It is the only sure way to keep your data safe from more damage. Make sure that the expert is from a reputable company that always delivers that best services when it comes to hard drive repairs. In the end, it is always better to change the drive after it has been repaired. Drives are likely to fail soon or later after the first repair.

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I Had To Show This http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/i-had-to-show-this/ http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/i-had-to-show-this/#comments Wed, 26 Aug 2015 06:32:45 +0000 http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/?p=8 I know that you are not supposed to talk about books online, but I can tell you that this is probably by far one of my favorite books right now. It’s called UrbanScience: Education for the Hip-Hop Generation. It’s absolutely awesome. I ended up coming across a great review of it, too. It pretty much says it all as far as I’m concerned:

 

Straight rows. Uniforms. Cafeteria food. Duck-Duck-Goose. Aerosmith. English only. Some of us learned to navigate this foreign terrain. We had teachers who met us halfway and made us feel welcome, appreciated, and accepted. Others did not fare so well. They felt bad about school, never feeling part of the culture. School was something they had to do. It made them feel deficient, and they couldn’t wait until each day was over. Those who stuck it out made it to high school; some dropped out before eighth grade. …

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I know that you are not supposed to talk about books online, but I can tell you that this is probably by far one of my favorite books right now. It’s called UrbanScience: Education for the Hip-Hop Generation. It’s absolutely awesome. I ended up coming across a great review of it, too. It pretty much says it all as far as I’m concerned:

 

Straight rows. Uniforms. Cafeteria food. Duck-Duck-Goose. Aerosmith. English only. Some of us learned to navigate this foreign terrain. We had teachers who met us halfway and made us feel welcome, appreciated, and accepted. Others did not fare so well. They felt bad about school, never feeling part of the culture. School was something they had to do. It made them feel deficient, and they couldn’t wait until each day was over. Those who stuck it out made it to high school; some dropped out before eighth grade. …

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Should You Even Consider A Mac? http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/should-you-even-consider-a-mac/ http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/should-you-even-consider-a-mac/#respond Mon, 24 Aug 2015 13:05:08 +0000 http://www.ny-entrepreneur-network.com/?p=8

What a difference a few months can make. Since late 2001, Apple has updated its entire product line, making now the perfect time for Macworld to take stock of the latest crop of Macs, even with the rumors.

yecmOne important update is the unique flat-panel iMac, which we review here along with Apple’s other new additions: the 14.1-inch iBook and the 800MHz, 933MHz, and dual-processor 1GHz Power Mac G4s. And to help you understand the differences between models, Macworld Lab tested representatives from all the Mac product lines. We’ll also give you pointers on what to consider when deciding which new system is best for you. Read on for a look at the current world of Macs. Or check out our friends at MacZealots.com.

Four Seasons of Macs

Shortly after Steve Jobs’s reappearance at Apple, the company divided the Mac market into four distinct segments. Today, those four areas are

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What a difference a few months can make. Since late 2001, Apple has updated its entire product line, making now the perfect time for Macworld to take stock of the latest crop of Macs, even with the rumors.

yecmOne important update is the unique flat-panel iMac, which we review here along with Apple’s other new additions: the 14.1-inch iBook and the 800MHz, 933MHz, and dual-processor 1GHz Power Mac G4s. And to help you understand the differences between models, Macworld Lab tested representatives from all the Mac product lines. We’ll also give you pointers on what to consider when deciding which new system is best for you. Read on for a look at the current world of Macs. Or check out our friends at MacZealots.com.

Four Seasons of Macs

Shortly after Steve Jobs’s reappearance at Apple, the company divided the Mac market into four distinct segments. Today, those four areas are inhabited by the Power Mac G4, the iMac, the PowerBook, and the iBook–products broadly aimed at four different types of Mac users: professionals or consumers who need either a desktop or a laptop.

But the reality is, buying a new Mac is rarely as easy as picking which quadrant of Apple’s Mac diagram you fall into. Within each product line, there can be substantial differences in price and features. The new, 800MHz iMac brings professional power to a consumer computer, but the 800MHz PowerMac G4 costs less. And although conventional wisdom says that you pay a premium for portability, Apple’s laptops have a remarkable set of features, considering their prices.

Unless you’re on a strict budget or just need to have the speediest Mac available, choosing the right Mac will take some careful consideration.

Speed Needs

When most people shop for a Mac, the first thing they consider is speed. And while the megahertz rating of the computer’s processor is important, it isn’t the only factor that determines how fast the Mac will be.

Processor Type

The big difference between the G3 processor and the G4 is that the G4 has an additional, high-speed subprocessor that Apple calls Velocity Engine. Software optimized for Velocity Engine–multimedia apps such as iTunes, iMovie, Final Cut Pro, and Adobe Photoshop, for example–can realize hefty speed gains. Mac OS X itself is Velocity Engine savvy and therefore runs much better on G4 chips than on G3s. Software that hasn’t been optimized for Velocity Engine runs at roughly the same speeds on G3 and G4 chips with the same megahertz rating.

Until the G5 chip arrives, Apple’s product lines are pretty simple when it comes to chips: they’ve all got G4s, with the notable exception of the iBook (and the 500MHz and 600MHz G3 iMacs that were still for sale as of this writing). As a result, the iBook and G3 iMacs are fundamentally slower computers when it comes to Velocity Engine–enhanced software, including Mac OS X. Use an iBook running OS X for a few hours, and you’ll understand: the lightweight laptop is cute and small, and you’d figure that its 500MHz or 600MHz G3 processor would be fast enough. And it is–for OS 9. But OS X simply mixes out the iBook’s G3 processor. The result is a relatively new Mac that feels as if it were already a few years out of date. If you plan on running OS X, you should consider avoiding G3-based Macs.

Bus and Cache Two lesser-known but key factors also affect the speed of your Mac: bus speed and cache. The system-bus speed determines how fast your Mac’s processor talks to your RAM; the faster the bus speed, the better. The 500MHz iBook has the slowest system bus: 66MHz. The 600MHz iBook, the 550MHz PowerBook G4, and the G3 and G4 iMacs all feature 100MHz buses. The fastest system bus is the 133MHz bus found in the 667MHz PowerBook G4 and the entire Power Mac G4 line. (Note that RAM modules are rated for specific system-bus speeds, so you can’t use old RAM in a new Mac with a faster bus speed.)

Cache RAM doesn’t rely on the system bus to communicate with the processor–it’s got a direct connection, allowing it to feed data to your Mac’s processor without any speed constraints. These days, every Mac processor has Level 2 (L2) cache built in, putting 256K of ultrafast memory at the processor’s disposal. But the 933MHz and dual-processor 1GHz PowerMac G4s go one better by also offering Level 3 (L3) cache–an additional 2MB of RAM that’s slower than the L2 memory but can still offer serious performance boosts. This is especially noticeable in situations where a lot of data is being calculated by the processor, such as when you’re modifying an image with a Photoshop filter.

Multiprocessing For a long time, a Mac with more than one processor inside was a curiosity, something used only by graphics or video pros with software designed to take advantage of extra processors. But Mac OS X is multiprocessor savvy, innately taking advantage of the power of a DP Mac’s second processor. As a result, multiprocessing is beginning to enter the mainstream. The only Mac model to offer multiple processors is the Power Mac G4, and the situation is likely to stay that way. If you really need speed, a multiprocessor system running Mac OS X will blow any single-processor Mac away.

Expandability Options

The new, G4 iMac and the G4 PowerBook are, without a doubt, powerful and speedy computers–and the Power Mac G4 can’t match the first’s low price or the second’s portability. When you’re deciding whether you should buy a traditional, desktop computer such as the Power Mac G4, one of the most important factors to keep in mind is expandability.

Expansion Slots The Power Mac G4 is by far the most expandable computer Apple offers–it’s the only one to provide PCI slots (four of them) and a fast AGP slot (occupied by its video card).

If you must use SCSI devices, work on high-end video projects, or do anything else that requires installing PCI cards rather than adding peripherals via USB or FireWire, the Power Mac G4 is your only option.

If you also need a portable Mac, the PowerBook G4 does offer a single PC Card slot-which is more than either the iBook or iMac can boast. With it you can add a digital sound card, a media reader, or even additional storage.

RAM You can add RAM to all Macs, but some systems are more flexible than others. The iBook is limited to 640MB of RAM; the PowerBook G4 and the G3 and G4 iMacs can handle as much as 1GB of RAM; and the PowerMac G4 can hold a staggering 1.5GB of RAM. (Generally speaking, you’ll save money by buying additional RAM from a third party instead of having Apple add it when you purchase your computer.)

But there’s more than just the amount of RAM involved. The iBook’s included RAM is soldered directly to the motherboard and cannot be replaced, although there’s a single slot for additional RAM. Both the iBook and the PowerBook use Small Outline (SO) RAM modules. The new iMac’s built-in memory is full-size but difficult to get to–the expansion slot uses the SO RAM as well. And the Power Mac G4 has three slots for frill-size RAM.

Expansion Space The cavernous Power Mac G4 also offers space for several internal hard drives and has two drive bays; by default, one is filled (with a CD-RW drive or SuperDrive). That makes it easy to add extra hard drives and other half-height peripherals, such as a tape or Zip drive. (Technically, it’s not a SuperDrive unless it comes with your Mac, but you can buy a Pioneer DVD-R drive like the ones Apple uses for its SuperDrive, and you can install it yourself.)

The Power Mac G4‘s accessibility also means that swapping hardware is easier. For example, if you’re tired of your small, slow hard drive, you can easily remove it and replace it with a large, faster one. You can even pull the stock CD-RW drive out of a low-end Power Mac G4 and swap in a Pioneer DVD-R drive.

Consider Your Needs When it comes to expandability, the question is, do you need it? If your internal hard drive fills up, you can always add an external FireWire drive. And only the hardest-core graphics and multimedia types really need more than a gigabyte of RAM. It’s nice to have options, but if you didn’t swap hard drives out of, or add oodles of RAM to, your last Mac, you might be line with a laptop or an iMac.

Display Options

One area where Apple’s Mac models differ substantially is video: each system comes with different video hardware and different options for external monitors.

Video Card YourMac’s graphics chip determines how quickly images are drawn on your screen–especially relevant if you’re working on 3-D graphics, playing games, or running monitors at high resolutions. Video cards are powered by processors and fed by RAM; both affect speed (see “Speed Skaters” for more information). Apple’s two top Power Mac G4s are powered by the 64MB Nvidia GeForce4 MX, the most powerful standard graphics processor in the Apple line. You can also custom configure your Power Mac G4 with the Nvidia GeForce4 Titanium, replete with a whopping 128MB of RAM–the most on any Mac video card. (For more on specs, see “Apple’s Starting Lineup.”)

Generally, the faster and more expensive a Mac is, the better its video performance is–though laptops are typically underpowered compared with desktops–both in speed and in the monitor resolutions they can support.

In addition, the Power Mac G4 is the only Mac that comes with an actual video card; the rest have integrated video chips. This means that you can upgrade the Power Mac G4’s video subsystem by swapping in a new AGP card; with the other systems, what you buy is what you’ll always have.

Output Options If you want to use a specific monitor, or if you need more than a single monitor hooked up to your computer, you should consider only some of these Mac models. The Power Mac 04, by dint of its being the only Mac sold without a built-in display device, gives you the most options: you can equip it with a flat-panel or CRT display (although Apple no longer makes CRTs). Apple’s latest video cards even allow you to hook up one of each; the flat panel connects via Apple’s proprietary ADC connector, while the CRT monitor uses a standard VGA port. Converters are also available if you want to connect a non-Apple (DVI) flat pane. Since the Power Mac also offers several open PCI slots, adding even more monitors (or composite video out, for a TV set) is just a matter of adding a card.

The PowerBook G4 comes with a stunning flat-panel display, but its graphics chip is savvy enough to drive a separate external monitor, letting you have two screens’ worth of real estate when you’re at your desk-via VGA, S-Video, or (with an adapter) composite video.

Apple’s consumer Macs are far more limited in their video options. Both the iBook and the iMac have an LCD panel built in, and via a monitor adapter (included with the iBook; $19 extra with the iMac), you can attach an external VGA display. But that display can only mirror the action on your main screen, not extend your workspace–and it’s limited to a maximum resolution of 1,024 by 768 pixels, though you can shrink it down to as low as 640 by 480 if you so desire. The iBook comes with a composite-video-out port (it’s the same port as the headphone jack); with a $19 adapter, you can hook it up to a TV set or other composite display. The iMac has no such composite-out features.

The Last Word

Which Mac is right for you? If you don’t think you’ll need to add PCI cards or an additional monitor, and if you don’t need the fastest Mac around to do processor-intensive work, the new iMac is an appealing option. If you need a portable Mac, the PowerBook G4 puts the strength of a Power Mac G4 in a compact carrying case. The smaller iBook has smallness and lightness going for it, but it and its larger sibling are the slowest computers in the Apple family. And then there’s the Power Mac G4 line itself–these machines may not be portable, but they are powerful and expandable.

It’s a good time to be a new Mac owner. As long as you keep your needs in mind when you’re deciding, you’re bound to find the right Mac for you. If you were to force us to choose, we’d say that the iMac G4 and the PowerBook G4 are the most appealing computers in Apple’s product line. But these products make the choice very tough.

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